“Vaccines typically work by eliciting a similar immune reaction to what’s seen during a real infection. But in the case of HIV, vaccine developers have to dramatically expedite the process, calling forth antibodies in weeks that would usually take years to show up. 

Now, in a study published Friday (May 17) in the journal Cell, scientists have demonstrated that this feat is possible in humans…

The trial included 20 HIV-negative volunteers. Fifteen received two vaccine doses, spaced two months apart, while the remaining five got a third dose four months after their second. Tests showed that two doses of vaccine triggered a robust response from immune cells and kicked off the production of broadly neutralizing antibodies. The team further confirmed the presence of these antibodies in the three-dose group by closely analyzing their immune cells.”

From Live Science.